立法會議員楊岳橋針對《逃犯條例》修訂提出私人條例草案

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立法會議員楊岳橋今天(4月26日)宣布,將向特區政府及立法會提交《2019年侵害人身罪(修訂)(域外法律效力)條例草案》私人條例草案(下稱「私人草案」),並促請政府撒回《逃犯條例》修訂。

早前,政府提出《2019年逃犯及刑事事宜相互法律協助法例(修訂)條例草案》(下稱「政府草案」),建議修訂現時有關引渡及司法互助的法例,容許政府以個案方式,將身處香港而曾在境外犯罪的任何人士,移交至該未與本港簽訂移交逃犯及/或刑事司法互助協議的地區。

保安局局長曾多次解釋,政府草案的目的,是為了處理去年有港人涉嫌在當地殺害一名香港少女後潛逃返港的案件。由於香港並未與台灣簽訂移交逃犯協議,特區政府無法將其移交台灣接受調查和審訊。政府草案中的新機制將容許特區政府將疑犯引渡至台灣,然而,台方已表明,基於台灣主權原則,未必接受新機制。

不過,新機制將同時對中國內地開放申請,日後內地機關可向香港申請引渡任何身處香港的人士至內地受審及服刑。此舉引起社會各界反彈,不少香港市民、各專業界別、傳媒、本地及外國商界,甚至不少外國政府對政府草案表示強烈反對或極度憂慮。

楊岳橋指出,特首林鄭月娥曾明言,即使修例未能處理台灣殺人案,政府仍然會推進修例的工作。這樣證明政府修例的真正目的,並非處理台灣殺人案,而是開放大門讓中國內地申請引渡港人,將香港市民置於隨時被引渡至法治不彰的地區之危險境地。

楊岳橋提出的草案,賦予特區政府及香港司法機關權力,處理香港永久居民或通常在港居住人士在境外涉嫌謀殺、誤殺或意圖謀殺的案件。刑事調查、檢控、審訊乃至服刑均在香港進行。

私人草案中提出的機制,可保障港人免被移交至缺乏公平審訊保證和人權保障的司法管轄區。此舉不單解決現時的政治爭拗,更重要的是能夠回應事件的肇因,將台灣殺人案的疑犯繩之於法。

楊岳橋強調,私人草案旨在向政府提供示範框架,顯示有其他可行方法處理台灣殺人案,而無須修訂《逃犯條例》。他促請保安局局長撤回政府草案,並採納私人草案中的域外法律效力條文,以完善日後任何刑事互助或引渡安排。

條例草案全文可參閱:

http://bit.ly/2vtBb5D

LegCo Member Alvin Yeung announced today (26 April) that he is to introduce a member’s bill “Offences against the Person (Amendment) (Extra-territoriality) Bill 2019” (“the member’s bill”), and urged the government to withdraw its amendments to the Fugitive Offenders Ordinance.

Earlier this year, the government introduced the “Fugitive Offenders and Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Legislation (Amendment) Bill 2019” (“the government bill”). The government bill amends existing laws relating to extradition and mutual legal assistance, thus enables the government to transfer suspects who are physically in Hong Kong and who committed crimes abroad to regions which Hong Kong has not signed extradition and/or mutual legal assistance in criminal matters agreements with.

The Secretary for Security has repeatedly explained that the objective of the government bill is to resolve a murder case in Taiwan in which a Hong Kong man murdered a young Hong Kong woman there and then fled to Hong Kong. Since Hong Kong and Taiwan had not signed any extradition agreement, the Hong Kong government was unable to transfer the suspect to Taiwan to be investigated and tried. The new mechanism laid out in the government bill will enable the Hong Kong government to extradite the suspect to Taiwan. However, Taiwanese authorities has stated that they might not accept the new arrangement under Taiwan’s principles on sovereignty.

Meanwhile, the new mechanism is open to application from China. Chinese authorities will be able to request Hong Kong to extradite anyone in Hong Kong to mainland China to be tried and serve sentence there. This has roused strong opposition and deep concerns among Hong Kong citizens, professionals, journalists, businesses both local and foreign, as well as many foreign governments.

Alvin Yeung pointed out that Chief Executive Carrie Lam once indicated that the government would continue to push forward the bill even if it does not work in the Taiwan murder case. This shows that the real rationale behind the amendment is not to resolve the murder case in Taiwan, but to open doors to China’s requests for extradition of Hongkongers, thereby exposing Hong Kong citizens to risks of being extradited to regions where the rule of law is nonexistent.

The member’s bill proposed by Alvin Yeung confers on the Hong Kong government and judiciary power to deal with cases wherein Hong Kong permanent residents or individuals who ordinarily reside in Hong Kong are suspected to have committed homicide, manslaughter, or attempts to murder abroad. Criminal investigation, prosecution, trial and serving of sentence will be conducted in Hong Kong.

The mechanism set out in the member bill’s will prevent Hongkongers from being transferred to jurisdictions where promise of fair trial and human rights safeguards are lacking. The proposal is not only a solution the present political dispute, more importantly, it addresses the origin of the problem and is able to bring the suspect of the murder case in Taiwan to justice.

Alvin Yeung emphasises that the member’s bill aims to provide a demonstrative framework to the government, showing that there are practical alternatives to resolve the murder case in Taiwan without having to amend the Fugitive Offenders Ordinance. He urges the government to withdraw the government bill, and consider adopting the extra-territoriality clause in the member’s bill in its future dealings concerning mutual assistance in criminal matters or extradition arrangements.

 

Offences against the Person (Amendment) (Extra-territoriality) Bill 2019: 

http://bit.ly/2vtBb5D

 

 

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